Freedom turned to be more bloodthirsty than the Tradition, giving rise to ideas focused on Justice. Growing opposition to flagging ideas of liberals who eulogize individual success and carpet-baggers stepping over losers’ heads has brought about demands for collective freedom, i.e. liberation from the shackles of the state and the nation. Public solidarity integral to the Tradition and the State has been replaced by class solidarity on the basis of a common socio-economic status. Whereas the Enlightenment was denying Tradition, the socialist teachings came to reject the bourgeois order generated by the Enlightenment. However, the denial had no room for the Tradition or conventional morality. Plato was quite accurate to describe the relationship between the liberal oligarchy and those whom the Marxists later named proletariat: “The riches have corrupted the soul of humans by luxury, while poverty fed them misery and drove to shamelessness."
Marxism offers socialist ideas in their extreme, as its negation of the bourgeoisie’s leading role is supplemented by forecasting inevitable and natural replacement of socio-economic formations. From the primitive communal formation mankind develops into slavery, then into feudalism replaced by capitalism, after which arrives the era of socialist revolutions and construction of communism. Transition to the new formation is preceded by emergence of the progressive social class with a mission to overcome the previously accumulated contradictions between productive forces and industrial relations. The formation change means discarding previous relations that hinder the development of productive forces and establishes a new type of relationship.
This historiosophic structure contained an intrinsic flaw – the belief in possible construction of an earthly ideal society, which needs neither state, nor social hierarchy, nor nation. In this sense, Marxism was radically casting away the Tradition and even insisted that the break is a principal law of the historic process.
Marxism maintained that the next in turn change of formation is just round the corner as the gravedigger of capitalism emerged, i.e. the working class with its proletarian internationalism. Since capitalism failed to provide the hired workers even with slave-like existence, the proletariat had nothing to lose but its chains. By crushing existing relationships via a revolution, the proletariat was to destroy private property and eventually eliminate the state. At that, the reactionary nations were to perish in the worldwide proletarian revolution. Class solidarity made peoples irrelevant for implementation of the favorite Marxist theories. Internationalism became a key dogma of the Marxists. The theory of the withering state has brought socialists and liberals in the same boat, as internationalism and free world markets share the common ideas of globalism.
The Marxists’ propaganda ploy was in the material lure for the masses. They have been told that as soon they reject their state and faith, and exterminate the exploiter class, they would obtain a prosperous life and may work not more than they wish. Initially compensation was meant for labor, and under communism everyone would obtain the goodies according to needs. The criteria for compensated labor and reasonable needs never took shape. In fact, nobody was going to develop them, since Marxism was offering a fairy tale about miraculously obtained riches and idleness, about an earthly paradise for spongers. The same decoy infected not only workers but also intellectuals in a society, which was only going to become a nation and complete the development of its tradition. Instead, the society was offered dreams of Justice and Freedom.
The material lures disconnected the people by setting the class interests against each other and driving the class relationship to hatred and enmity. The battle has brought rejection of responsibility to the reigning dynasties and the honor of aristocracy. However, the bloody fight for the radiant future has brought victory not to revolutionary workers or counterrevolutionary capitalists and landowners but to bureaucrats who quietly took over the power.
Based of insufficient empirical substance, the ideas of Marxism proved applicable only for a very short historical period. They failed to make a theory, but rather turned into propaganda confusing peoples in search for knowledge. Revolutions of the 19th and 20th centuries launched by the communist parties (starting from the Paris Commune) refuted themselves, validating the bankruptcy of Marxism. Marxism seems to retain significance just for criticism of capitalist bottlenecks and a methodology for analysis of primitive economic relations. It has reduced the viability of the world civilizations but has failed to prove false both the humanistic illusions of the Enlightenment and the fundamental values of the Tradition.
Mankind watched socialism to tread on the Tradition and exterminate the social layers basking in liberal and socialist myths. The victim count of the developed socialism has significantly exceeded that of the bourgeois revolutions. Socialism has undermined the vital forces of many nations. Finally, the socialist system collapsed, unable to step over the Marxist dogmas and face modern challenges. Scientific communism, Marxist philosophy and historical materialism – all of these proved unscientific and unpractical.
Hired workers have failed to either form a progressive class creating more efficient production relations or build a kind of unity. The world wars gave shown that it is the peoples and states but not classes that remain the subjects of history. In countries where socialism won and Marxist dogmas made a new religion, the working class brought power to the bureaucracy, the party nomenclature, tasked just to hinder the nations’ spiritual and political advancement.